The surface finish is a key part of the aesthetic performance of parquet and wood flooring.
All SKEMA wood collections, Oximoro, Lumbertech and Yles, have been enhanced by a careful selection of surface treatments.
Surface finishes are a component of the wooden floor that can totally change the appearance of the wooden floor. Starting from the same wood species, such as the most common Oak, even keeping the same colour, surface finishes can make the floor more or less lived-in, more or less rustic or industrial, antique or modern.
The wide range of combinations that characterise the SKEMA collections gives you a great choice, so that you have a wooden floor for any style and interior design project.
The most frequent surface treatments among the SKEMA collections are brushing, scraping, texturing and oxidising. The type of surface treatment, oiled or varnished, can also be considered among the surface treatments. In fact, choosing between oiling and varnishing greatly changes the final appearance of the floor and gives the wood different properties.
This craftsmanship gives the board a pleasant, weathered appearance. Brushed parquet is obtained by using roundabout brushes on the surface of the wood that only remove the softer part and highlight the fibrous part. The result is a material effect, rough to the touch and slightly more resistant to use.
This process characterises the entire Lumbertech engineered wood flooring line, both Oil and Varnish, the deep brushing is a typical feature that enhances the wood plank.
Brushed surfaces can also be found in almost all Oximoro collections: Cambridge, Palladio, Opera Evo, Opera 19 and Opera 26 with deep brushing. The patterned parquet Yles is also surface-brushed, and this processing is combined with the saw-cut texture.
Scraping is an artisanal process that is strictly handmade stave by stave; the board is also 'carved' against the grain to bring out the characteristics of the wood even more. The collection that has made scraping its stylistic hallmark is Oximoro Ermitage, but can also be found in Oximoro Opera 19 with Norma and in Opera Evo with Antico.
It reproduces a soft and non-invasive sawing, similar to the texture of gauze fabric, and is obtained by working the wood in both longitudinal and latitudinal directions. The texture effect is applied to some proposals in the Oximoro Cambridge collections and in the Lumbertech Oil collections with Rovere Circeo, Rovere Gargano and Rovere Arenal.
A craftsmanship that produces important cross cuts on the plank, making it look lived-in, the oak proposals of the Yles designed wood flooring all have this workmanship, combined with brushing.
This natural technique is carried out by reaction of the material in an autoclave or by impregnation, and is used to give an aged effect to the wood; it is found in Oximoro Cambridge, Ermitage, Opera 26 and Opera Evo.
The surface finish with oil, whereby oils are applied to the surface of the wood, is characterised by the naturalness of the colour that the parquet takes on, highlighting the grain and tone of the wood. It can be found in all SKEMA Oximoro and Lumbertech lines and also in Yles with the Walnut essence, which is processed open-pore and oiled with natural beeswax oils.
Varnishing floors by applying a surface film of varnish protects the wood from mechanical and chemical stress, making it more resistant and easier to clean. This finish is also present in all three SKEMA wood proposals, with some collections exclusively varnished, such as Palladio or the Lumbertech Varnish 270 and 205 collections.
In addition to these finishes, there are also other special processes in the Oximoro line:
De-structuring which is a mechanical planing of the wood following several directions and is used for the Manon and Medea colours of Oximoro Opera 19.
Smoked, a type of oxidation obtained in ovens that darken the wood, a process used for Opera Evo Antico and Moderno.
The pickling process used for Oximoro Ermitage Perugino, where the wood is brushed, varnished and then sanded until it has lighter veins tending towards white that allow the darker colour of the wood to be seen through.