Arranging the interiors of a home is an action that involves heart and mind. At the center of the project there is always the person who expresses a kaleidoscope of needs, rational and emotional. The designer has the task of balancing aesthetics, functionality and resources available
The great architect Le Corbusier can come to the designer's aid with the Modulor, a scale of proportions based on the Golden Section and which aims to improve the architecture, both in its aesthetics and in its functionality and puts the person and his daily life at the center. Through its principles it is possible to create a harmonious environment, where all the elements, from the entrances to the furniture, from the spaces to the supporting surfaces, are studied on the standard measures of the human body.
For those who wish to investigate further there is an interesting article that has treated the design of the furnishings and spaces of a house according to the anthropometric measurements of Le Corbusier.
Also Skema has adopted the design principles of the great Architect, aware that the home furnishing design must always put the person at the center with his practical needs but also give concreteness to his emotions.
All the elements that shape the living environment contribute to the purpose, like a chain, each of them affects the next choice, so for example the space available determines the arrangement of the furniture, which in turn will influence the choice of the colours of the furnishings.
But the decision-making process does not start from a specific element, excluding the structural elements of the environment that the designer finds already existing, everyone can undertake his own project from a factor which he considers determinant, that can be of practical or aesthetic nature. There are those who want to organize the room starting from purely functional principles, who instead will put in the foreground the style they want to achieve.
The floor is part of this decision-making process and indeed can be one of the discriminating factors for subsequent choices.
Take for example the case where a designer has to furnish a small apartment. The floor in this case has the power to drastically change the perception of spaces. The elements to consider are the color, the finish, the size and the type of laying.
Light colors to expand the spaces
In small environments a trick to make the space seem wider is to use light tones, while darker floors can be used in large and well-lighted spaces.
The clear color that reflects light is almost obligatory in small houses if you want to get an airy effect. If you choose the same floor for the whole apartment, the effect will be greater because you take away the perceived boundaries between one room and the other and the sense of continuity that you get makes an environment seem much wider. If you want to highlight specific areas of the house, you can approach floors of different colors or with different materials, you will get a detach effect even in contiguous environments.
The format plays an important role in building the harmony of the proportions, large planks are perfect in large spaces, but in small areas they highlight the small size, on the contrary the strips create movement and rhythm and widen the perceived space.
Glossy finishes and diagonal laying
The finishing of the floor that best suits the purpose of visually enlarging the spaces is the glossy one. The light in this way is reflected more and so the effect is increasing the space. On the other hand, for those looking for practicality, the opaque finish is more practical and easy to clean. Attention also to the type of decor that you choose, very elaborate patterns tend to shrink the space, while the plain colors and chromatic homogeneity plays on the perspective.
Even the laying is a contributing factor. For example, laying diagonally is useful both for paving irregular environments and for dilate the perceived space.
After choosing the floor there are other precautions that you can take into consideration to increase the feeling of a larger space.
For example, using similar colors between walls and floors uniforms the space, avoids separations in individual chromatic units. On the contrary, giving each environment a different color marks its identity and its specific function.
Even the choice of carpets should not be left to chance if you want to obtain a precise optical effect, the rugs with very small geometrical designs are better laid in large spaces, where the design is clearly visible as a whole and the floor serves as a frame.
The design choices are really many, what counts to get a successful result is that you always focus on the goal that you have set.
The example of the small apartment that wants to appear wider shows perfectly how each element enters into a precise design, made of selections targeted within a very wide range of options. From the choice of the floor depends that of the colors of the walls which influences also the furnishings, as the carpets of the house.
The decision chain always starts from the aim, which must always remain clear in every action that the designer accomplishes, whether of a purely aesthetic, functional nature or a compromise between the two.
Environment distributed on two floors with the same floor in all the spaces to give an effect of continuity.